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Gatchina

3.8
History Museums · Specialty Museums · Churches
Gatchina is a town and the administrative center of Gatchinsky District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located 45km south of St. Petersburg by the road leading to Pskov. Population:It is a part of the World Heritage Site's Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments.Early historyKhotchino was first documented in 1499 as a village in possession of Novgorod the Great. In the 17th century, in a series of wars, it passed to Livonia, then to Sweden, and was returned to Russia during the Great Northern War. At that time, Gatchina was a southern vicinity of the new Russian capital, St. Petersburg. In 1708, Gatchina was given by Peter the Great to his sister Natalya Alexeyevna, and after her death, Peter founded an Imperial Hospital and Apothecary here. In 1765, it became the property of Count Orlov. Between 1766 and 1788, Count Orlov built a sombre castle with 600 rooms and laid out an extensive English landscape park over 7km2, with an adjacent zoo and a horse farm. A triumphal arch was erected to a design by the architect of Gatchina, Antonio Rinaldi, forming a monumental entrance.
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